Introduction to using Smartphones

Introduction.

Smartphones are a class of mobile phones and of multi-purpose mobile computing devices. They are distinguished from feature phones by their stronger hardware capabilities and extensive mobile operating systems, which facilitate wider software, internet (including web browsing over mobile broadband), and multimedia functionality (including music, video, cameras, and gaming), alongside core phone functions such as voice calls and text messaging. Smartphones typically include various sensors that can be leveraged by their software, such as a magnetometer, proximity sensors, barometer, gyroscope and accelerometer, and support wireless communications protocols such as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, and satellite navigation.

Analyst house Gartner gives the definition of a smart phone as: “A large-screen, data-centric, handheld device designed to offer complete phone functions whilst simultaneously functioning as a personal digital assistant (PDA).” (Analyst House Gartner: 2009)

With the growing speed of technological advancement, Smart phones are now an essential part of our daily life routine. When we go for our convenience we also look for those devices which contain multiple features such as office work, mobility, networking and entertainment. As the world is getting advance our needs become sophisticated. Where we need quality, effectiveness and performance we also ask for these all in one single pocket device so we can take that to anywhere with us.

CIO Jury member Nic Evans, European IT director of Key Equipment Finance, recently said: “The smart phone is a management, support and security nightmare. There’s the cost of media messages and 3G, the waste of time with Palmistas trying to get their PDAs to sync with their laptops, the security risk from carrying corporate databases around on a fashion accessory that screams ‘steal me’.” (CIO IT director:2010)

Overview of Smart Phones.

There is a great revolution in the field of IT so as mobile phones. First there were simple and big mobile phones which a human use only for text sending and receiving and for simple phone calls but with the passage of time this technology developed and now there are really tiny mobile phones which contain our private and important data such as presentations, photos, e-mails etc and these such small mobile phones called Smart Phones. These smart phones have features like computers and laptops where we can check our mails, save our documents and also can use for the entertainment purposes.

These smart phones today can do almost everything. Faster networking systems, attractive and powerful applications and the technology literate users are making these smart phones very powerful these days. Huge markets are adopting the smart phones due to their flexibility, more productive features and better connectivity to the world in terms of internet. Along with many benefits, smart phones are increasing the value of the wireless technology, including the mobile phones, wireless tablets and the notebook computers.

Some smart phones have the keypad similar to a notebook PC, this type of keypad is known as QWERTY keypad. The QWERTY keypad smart phones are easy to use and recommended when the user has to always type a lot. The other type of keypad is the on screen keypad, which is actually a touch screen keypad; this kind of keypad also comes in the form of buttons, which are not in the touch screen but below the screen of the smart phones. The touch screen smart phones are no doubt very advanced but they are a bit difficult to use when compared to a QWERTY or embossed keys keypad (Jackson 2010; Alejandro, X).

Smartphone Operating Systems.

There are many operating systems which are being used by companies to introduce their smart phones but most important system is Symbian which is really popular these days and every other smart phone has this software. This is an open-source operating system and really easy to understand comparing to other software’s. Android System introduced by Google is also getting popular day by day because it also contain a lot of information which can help to make better improvements in smart phones. Some software’s are listed below:

Symbian
Android System introduced by Google
Linux
Java
Unique Operating System
Apple OS



Future.

Due to the popularity of smart phones technology, it is being expected that smart phone sales will continue to grow in next year’s and some of the improvements vendors are making to help convince consumers to pick up a new device include dual-core processors and better video capabilities.

E-Commerce & Web 2.0 Technologies.

E-Commerce.

Selling through the websites is the best method of increasing trade worldwide.The business done electronically is called E-Commerce and it includes many different activities both in business-to-business market and in the business to consumer market. It includes trading of goods and services electronically, online delivery, transfers of funds electronically. It includes both products and services.

Commercial transaction of goods and services is e-commerce; good services are exchanged electronically not physically between parties. It has a very big range of communication technologies i.e. e-mail, internet. After consideration the importance of internet people prefer to shop online because it makes shopping easy and saving of time.

Web 2.0

The web 2.0 is known as the next generation or second generation of the internet web. The web 2.0 allows users to use internet in more enhanced way such as publishing of videos or audios on internet, sharing of files and photos. This term was used in 2004 for the first time; it is also a collaboration of different processes of business and the technology to provide more flexibility to the marketing. It is of much related to the social networking such as facebook.com, twitter.com, linkedin.com and many others; while it also refers to the video and audio sharing on internet such as youtube.com, mp3.com, 4shared.com and many others. It is a vast term which is many steps ahead when the internet was launched and after many years or launching of internet there was only web 1.0 (O’Reilly 2005; google.co.uk 2010).